Pretreatment with a very low dose of intravenous esmolol reduces propofol injection pain.Ebru Akgün Salman, Lale Titiz, Elif Akpek, Gülnaz Arslan
Anesthesiology, Baskent University,ankara,turkey.
Objective: Propofol causes considerable pain on injection, although different methods and propofol formulations have been used to decrease it. We aimed to investigate the effect of i.v esmolol pretreatment on the propofol injection pain.Keywords: Propofol, esmolol, pain, anesthesia induction
Methods: Ninety ASA I-II patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia were randomly assigned into three groups, tirthy each. A 20 G cannula was inserted into the dorsum of the nondependent hand. After venous occlusion for one minute, groups E, L and S were pretreated with 5 mg/cc (total 2cc) esmolol, 40 mg lidocaine and 2cc saline i.v respectively. After release of venous occlusion, one fourth of total propofol dose was administered at a rate of 0.5 ml/sec. During the injection of both pretreatment solution and propofol, patient pain was assessed by using 4 point scale. Heart rate and noninvasive arterial blood pressure values were recorded before induction, just after entubation and five minutes after entubation.
Results: Demographic values were similar among groups. Incidence of pain on injection of propofol in control, esmolol and lidocaine groups was 90%, 33.3%, 50% respectively.(p<0.05) Heart rate, systolic arterial pressure, diastolic arterial pressure values were not different between the groups.
Conclusions: Pretreatment with low dose esmolol i.v seems to be effective in attenuating pain during propofol injection.
Ebru Akgün Salman, Lale Titiz, Elif Akpek, Gülnaz Arslan. Pretreatment with a very low dose of intravenous esmolol reduces propofol injection pain.. Ağrı. 2013; 25(1): 13-18
Corresponding Author: Ebru Akgün Salman, Türkiye